Tag Archives: AppleScript

Sync folders when drive is plugged in.

Published / by Kevin / Leave a Comment

[UPDATE] Didn’t realize how dangerous this is if you actually need to get a backup file(s) off the drive rather than restore from catastrophic failure. Now prompts to confirm sync before proceeding. Should also prompt to eject when complete.

The previous AppleScript post is an earlier version of nearly the same thing. I posted it here to be able to write a new script for where I work. Its intention is to keep an on-site duplicate of an off-site backup. This can of course be used for simple backups and/or folder syncing operations if given the appropriate trigger(s).

To have this script run automagically attach it as a Folder Action to the Volumes folder (/Volumes).

Also, as the previous post, this script calls an rsync binary in a custom install location. Please be aware of that.

Because I can: rsync manual

-- The name of the volume to watch for.
property trigger : "Backup"

-- The paths of the folders to sync. Drag-n-drop supported (choose "Alias").
property theFolders : {"/Do not/forget to/add quotes around", "/And/commas between/items"}

-- rsync options. I use '-rtE' (recursive, preserve times, copy Extended attributes/resource forks)
property rsync_options : "-rtE --delete" -- For mirroring the contents of source dir.
-- property rsync_options : "-rtE --ignore-existing" -- For keeping deleted files on backup. WARNING: also dupes files moved within the source dir.
-- See the rsync manual (man rsync) for more info.

property skip : {} -- Leave empty. Meant to hold items from theFolders which gave rsync an error so we can start over but ignore items in this list.

on adding folder items to this_folder after receiving added_items
  try
    repeat with i in added_items
      if name of (info for i) is trigger then
        if the result of (display dialog trigger & " drive connected. Would you like to sync available source folders now?" giving up after 600) is not false then
          do_it(skip)
          do shell script "logger 'Sync backup folders: Complete'"
          ejectit(trigger)
        end if
        exit repeat
      end if
    end repeat
  on error theErr
    do shell script "logger 'Sync backup folders: " & theErr & "'"
  end try
end adding folder items to

on run
  do_it(skip)
  do shell script "logger 'Sync backup folders: Complete'"
  ejectit(trigger)
end run

on ejectit(trigger)
  if the result of (display dialog "Backup sync complete. Eject drive '" & trigger & "'?") is not false then
    tell application "Finder" to eject trigger
  end if
end ejectit

on do_it(skip)
  tell application "System Events" to set trigger_path to POSIX path of every disk whose name is trigger -- When a drive is mounted and its previous mount point was not removed the new mount point will be given a unique number to follow the name (which isn't shown in the Finder), e.g. "/Volumes/Backup 1". This asks the System for the path rather than us blindly using text.
  if trigger_path is {} then
    display dialog "The drive '" & trigger & "' does not appear to be mounted. :("
    return
  end if
  set rsync_options to rsync_options & " "
  repeat with i in theFolders
    tell application "Finder"
      if not (exists (i as POSIX file)) then
        set end of skip to i as text
      end if
    end tell
    log skip
    if i is not in skip then
      try
        do shell script "/usr/local/bin/rsync " & rsync_options & quoted form of i & " '" & trigger_path & "/'"
        set end of skip to i as text
      on error the_err
        if i is last item in theFolders then
          display dialog "rsync encountered a problem: " & the_err
        else
          if button returned of (display dialog "rsync encountered a problem: " & the_err & return buttons {"Cancel", "Continue"}) is "Continue" then
            set end of skip to i as text
            do_it(skip)
          end if
        end if
      end try
    end if
  end repeat
  set skip to {}
end do_it

This script includes error handling that isn’t well tested. Getting it to work with it at all was a bit of a trick (particularly if not (exists (i as POSIX file)) since if not (exists POSIX file i) does not work as expected). So that whole “skip” idea may not work as intended if you are asked to continue. The last do_it(skip) call may need to be my do_it(skip) instead.

Auto-backup of Photos Library.photoslibrary when portable drive is attached

Published / by Kevin / Leave a Comment

This script relies on Folder Actions to fire it once it is attached to /Volumes and the appropriately named hard drive is plugged in. I use it to update my off-site photo backup drive.

Settings in the script are commented with instructions, which are hopefully clear enough. It does mention iPhoto, because it was written when iPhoto was a thing. A good thing, a great thing even. Now… *meh*

The options for rsync are fairly standard (recursive, preserve times, extended attributes, and skip files already on the backup). The path to rsync is from OS X shipping with a version of rsync that was unbearably slow and me installing a newer version. I’m not sure when Apple ditched the older rsync version, but it sure wasn’t soon enough. I’m leaving it here for example purposes, but this script will fail if you don’t have an rsync binary there.

-- The name of the physical disk.
property top_drive : "Portable HDD"

-- The name of the disk image file.
-- If it is beyond root of top_drive, the (non-POSIX) path will need to be added. ie "backups:iPhoto backup.dmg"
property iPhoto_dmg : "Photos backup.sparseimage"

-- The name of the disk image drive.
property iPhoto_drive : "Photos backup"

-- POSIX path to iPhoto Library (Default is ~/Pictures/iPhoto Library).
property iPhoto_lib : quoted form of (POSIX path of ((path to pictures folder) as text) & "Photos Library.photoslibrary")

-- rsync options
property rsync_options : "-rtE --ignore-existing"

-- Path to rsync binary.
property rsync_path : "/usr/local/bin/" -- Leave blank ("") if not using a user installed version of rsync.

on logErr(the_msg, the_num)
  do shell script "logger '" & "iPhoto backup: " & the_msg & " (" & the_num & ")'"
end logErr

on adding folder items to this_folder after receiving added_items
  set new_item to item 1 of added_items as text
  if new_item is (top_drive & ":") then
    tell application "Finder"
      try
        open top_drive & ":" & iPhoto_dmg as alias
        delay 10
      on error errMsg number errNum
        my logErr(errMsg, errNum)
      end try
    end tell
    set n to 0
    try
      set rsync_options to rsync_options & " "
      repeat until n = 10
        tell application "Finder" to set all_drives to name of every disk
        if iPhoto_drive is in all_drives then
          set start_time to current date
          set rsync_it to (do shell script rsync_path & "rsync " & rsync_options & iPhoto_lib & " " & quoted form of ("/Volumes/" & iPhoto_drive))
          set total_time to (current date) - start_time
          my logErr("Done", "" & total_time & " sec")
          exit repeat
        else
          delay 6
          set n to n + 1
        end if
      end repeat
      tell application "Finder" to eject disk iPhoto_drive
      display dialog "iPhoto backup complete." & return & return & "You may now eject the disk \"" & top_drive & "\"." with icon 2
    on error errMsg number errNum
      my logErr(errMsg, errNum)
      display dialog "Oops! An error occurred. :(" & return & return & errNum & " : " & errMsg with icon 0
    end try
  end if
end adding folder items to

Parse e-mail for UPS tracking numbers

Published / by Kevin / Leave a Comment

This AppleScript will parse the selected e-mail in Mail.app for UPS tracking numbers and will open the tracking page of the UPS website in your default browser.

This only looks at a single e-mail, but could be made to repeat through multiple selections.

tell application "Mail"
  set _messages to selection as list
  set input to content of item 1 of _messages
  try
    open location my parse_nums(input)
  on error
    display dialog "No UPS tracking info found."
  end try
end tell

on parse_nums(input)
  set input_new to ""
  set output to ""
  set input to every word of input
  repeat with i in input
    try
      if first character of i is "1" and second character of i is "Z" then --Every UPS # I've seen starts with '1Z'
        set input_new to input_new & i & "%0D%0A" as string -- 
URL encoded carriage return line feed needed for multiple entries.
      end if
    end try
  end repeat
-- Now to remove the last set of new line characters.
  repeat with c in characters 1 through ((count of characters of input_new) - 6) of input_new
    set output to output & c
  end repeat
  set the_URL to "https://wwwapps.ups.com/WebTracking/track?track.x=Track&trackNums=" & output
  return the_URL
end parse_nums

Set creation and modification date

Published / by Kevin / Leave a Comment

This is to correct file times on photos that were imported from cameras with bad date settings or when they have been transferred to-and-fro and picked up the wrong data some where or after re-encoding high bit rate video to save a few GBs. [This does not alter the date atoms encoded in (most?) video files. ffmpeg can do that, however.]
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Save list of folder contents

Published / by Kevin / Leave a Comment

[UPDATE] Revisited this one and made it a little nicer. It is faster and gives a total count of directories and files, skips invisibles (but you can undo that), and doesn’t error on item names longer than 31 characters. Confirmed to run on 10.4, YMMV.

This AppleScript will create a file containing a tree style list of all files inside the chosen directory and save that list in a file created in that directory. The list file will include the path of the listed directory as well as the date and time it was saved and a tally of me bananas… er, folders and files under the starting directory.

The default directory in the choose dialog is the folder of the Finder’s frontmost window unless there are no Finder windows. In which case the default is the Desktop folder.

It does not follow aliases (not sure about symlinks) and will indicate an alias by placing ” [alias]” behind the file name.

This is actually a modified version of a script that’s been around the web for years.

-- http://strawhousepig.net/

set fileList to ""
set d_count to 0
set f_count to 0
global fileList, d_count, f_count

on listFolder(f, s)
  list folder f as alias without invisibles
  repeat with i in the result
    set finfo to (info for alias (f & i))
    if folder of finfo then
      set d_count to d_count + 1
      set fileList to fileList & s & i & "/" & return
      listFolder(f & i & ":", s & "    ")
    else
      if alias of finfo then
        set f_count to f_count + 1
        set fileList to fileList & s & i & " [alias]" & return
      else
        set f_count to f_count + 1
        set fileList to fileList & s & i & return
      end if
    end if
  end repeat
  return {fileList, d_count, f_count}
end listFolder

try
  tell application "Finder" to set cwd to (POSIX path of (folder of window 1 as string)) as POSIX file
on error
  set cwd to path to desktop folder
end try
set theFolder to (choose folder "Select a folder to list:" default location cwd) as string

--This will get the name of the folder for use in the name of the generated file
set folderName to name of (info for (theFolder as alias))

--This will get the Unix style path of the folder for info purposes inside the file itself
set folderPath to POSIX path of theFolder

set infoList to listFolder(theFolder, "")
set fileList to "# File list of: " & folderPath & " on " & (current date) & return & item 2 of infoList & " folders and " & item 3 of infoList & " files total." & return & return & item 1 of infoList

set listFile to ((theFolder) as text) & "!File list of this folder (" & folderName & ")" & (do shell script "date \"+ %Y-%m-%d %H%M\"") & ".txt"

tell application "Finder"
  set newFile to (open for access file listFile with write permission)
  set eof newFile to 0
  write fileList to newFile
  close access newFile
  open listFile as alias
end tell

iPhoto import from folders AppleScript

Published / by Kevin / Leave a Comment

Preface: Having upgraded my phone (Nokia N8) firmware to “Belle” — whatever version that is, the Nokia Multimedia Transfer application no longer imports photos to iPhoto.* Tragic because the camera is the sole reason I bought this phone. Ordinarily this would not be a problem since the phone uses a “DCIM” folder at the drive root and can store images with 8 character names (5 of which you set yourself). But not every photo app does store them there or with a “proper” name. Even though there exists an “Images” folder in the drive root that I know gets used, Mass Storage.app does not access it. Could be another naming convention similar to DCF

This is an AppleScript to get around this limitation, and to allow (in my case at least) the importing of camera files named by date. In short you choose which folders you want this script to tell iPhoto to import from and can be used with any folder(s), no specific device required.

Notable: Uses ‘defaults’ to store and load folder paths in a property list (.plist) file.
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